CPT Code 22319

CPT code 22319 is for treating an odontoid fracture with a graft.

Accelerate your revenue cycle

Boost patient experience and your bottom line by automating patient cost estimates, payer underpayment detection, and contract optimization in one place.

Get a Demo

What is CPT Code 22319

CPT code 22319 is used for the surgical treatment of an odontoid fracture, which involves the use of a bone graft. This procedure typically addresses a specific type of fracture in the second cervical vertebra (C2) in the neck, aiming to stabilize and promote healing of the affected area.

Does CPT 22319 Need a Modifier?

When billing for CPT code 22319 (Treat odontoid fracture with graft), it is essential to consider the appropriate use of modifiers to ensure accurate reimbursement and compliance with payer requirements. Below is a list of potential modifiers that could be used with CPT code 22319, along with the reasons for their use:

1. Modifier 22 (Increased Procedural Services):
- Use this modifier if the procedure required significantly more work than typically required. This could be due to factors such as increased intensity, time, technical difficulty, or severity of the patient's condition.

2. Modifier 50 (Bilateral Procedure):
- Although typically not applicable to this specific procedure, if for some reason the procedure was performed bilaterally, this modifier would be used to indicate that the same procedure was performed on both sides of the body.

3. Modifier 51 (Multiple Procedures):
- Use this modifier when multiple procedures are performed during the same surgical session. This helps indicate that more than one procedure was carried out, which can affect reimbursement.

4. Modifier 52 (Reduced Services):
- Apply this modifier if the procedure was partially reduced or eliminated at the physician's discretion. This indicates that the full service described by the CPT code was not performed.

5. Modifier 59 (Distinct Procedural Service):
- Use this modifier to indicate that the procedure was distinct or independent from other services performed on the same day. This is particularly important if there are other procedures that might typically be bundled together.

6. Modifier 62 (Two Surgeons):
- If two surgeons were required to perform the procedure due to its complexity, this modifier should be used to indicate that both surgeons were necessary for the successful completion of the surgery.

7. Modifier 76 (Repeat Procedure by Same Physician):
- Use this modifier if the same physician needs to repeat the procedure on the same day. This helps clarify that the repeat procedure was necessary and performed by the same provider.

8. Modifier 77 (Repeat Procedure by Another Physician):
- Apply this modifier if the procedure needs to be repeated on the same day by a different physician. This indicates that the repeat procedure was necessary and performed by another provider.

9. Modifier 78 (Unplanned Return to the Operating/Procedure Room):
- Use this modifier if the patient needs to return to the operating room for a related procedure during the postoperative period. This indicates that the return was unplanned and related to the initial surgery.

10. Modifier 79 (Unrelated Procedure or Service by the Same Physician During the Postoperative Period):
- Apply this modifier if an unrelated procedure is performed by the same physician during the postoperative period of the initial surgery. This helps distinguish the new procedure from the postoperative care of the initial surgery.

11. Modifier 80 (Assistant Surgeon):
- Use this modifier if an assistant surgeon was necessary for the procedure. This indicates that another surgeon assisted in the operation.

12. Modifier 81 (Minimum Assistant Surgeon):
- Apply this modifier if a minimum assistant surgeon was required for the procedure. This indicates that the assistance was minimal but necessary.

13. Modifier 82 (Assistant Surgeon (when qualified resident surgeon not available)):
- Use this modifier if an assistant surgeon was required because a qualified resident surgeon was not available. This indicates the necessity of the assistant surgeon due to the unavailability of a resident.

14. Modifier AS (Physician Assistant, Nurse Practitioner, or Clinical Nurse Specialist Services for Assistant at Surgery):
- Apply this modifier if a physician assistant, nurse practitioner, or clinical nurse specialist assisted in the surgery. This indicates the role of these healthcare professionals in the procedure.

By appropriately applying these modifiers, healthcare providers can ensure accurate billing and reimbursement for the services provided under CPT code 22319.

CPT Code 22319 Medicare Reimbursement

Medicare reimbursement for CPT code 22319, which pertains to the treatment of an odontoid fracture with graft, is subject to specific criteria and guidelines. Generally, Medicare does reimburse for this procedure, provided it is deemed medically necessary and is performed in accordance with Medicare's coverage policies.

The reimbursement amount can vary based on several factors, including the setting in which the procedure is performed (e.g., inpatient hospital, outpatient facility, or physician's office), geographic location, and any applicable modifiers. For precise reimbursement rates, healthcare providers should refer to the Medicare Physician Fee Schedule (MPFS) or the relevant Medicare Administrative Contractor (MAC) for their region.

As of the latest available data, the national average reimbursement for CPT code 22319 under the MPFS is approximately $1,500 to $2,000. However, this amount can fluctuate, so it is advisable to consult the most current fee schedule or contact your MAC for the exact reimbursement rate applicable to your specific circumstances.

Are You Being Underpaid for 22319 CPT Code?

Discover how MD Clarity's RevFind software can meticulously read your contracts and detect underpayments down to the CPT code level and by individual payer. For instance, ensure you are accurately reimbursed for procedures like CPT code 22319 (Treat odontoid fx w/graft). Schedule a demo today to see how RevFind can safeguard your revenue and optimize your financial performance.

Get paid in full by bringing clarity to your revenue cycle

Full Page Background