CPT Code 23400

CPT code 23400 is a medical billing code used for the surgical fixation of the shoulder blade, ensuring accurate healthcare provider reimbursement.

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What is CPT Code 23400

CPT code 23400 is used for the surgical procedure involving the fixation of the shoulder blade (scapula). This code is specifically designated for operations where the shoulder blade is stabilized or repaired, often due to fractures or other injuries that require surgical intervention to ensure proper healing and function.

Does CPT 23400 Need a Modifier?

When billing for CPT code 23400 (Fixation of shoulder blade), it is essential to consider the appropriate use of modifiers to ensure accurate reimbursement and compliance with payer requirements. Below is a list of modifiers that could be used with CPT code 23400, along with the reasons for their use:

1. Modifier 22 - Increased Procedural Services
- Use this modifier if the procedure required significantly more work than typically required. Documentation must support the increased complexity.

2. Modifier 50 - Bilateral Procedure
- Apply this modifier if the fixation of the shoulder blade was performed on both shoulders during the same operative session.

3. Modifier 51 - Multiple Procedures
- Use this modifier when multiple procedures are performed during the same surgical session. This helps indicate that more than one procedure was carried out.

4. Modifier 52 - Reduced Services
- This modifier is used if the procedure was partially reduced or eliminated at the physician's discretion. Documentation should explain why the service was reduced.

5. Modifier 59 - Distinct Procedural Service
- Apply this modifier to indicate that the procedure was distinct or independent from other services performed on the same day. This is often used to bypass National Correct Coding Initiative (NCCI) edits.

6. Modifier 62 - Two Surgeons
- Use this modifier if two surgeons worked together as primary surgeons, each performing distinct parts of the procedure.

7. Modifier 66 - Surgical Team
- This modifier is used when a team of surgeons is required to perform the procedure due to its complexity.

8. Modifier 76 - Repeat Procedure by Same Physician
- Apply this modifier if the same physician needs to repeat the procedure on the same day.

9. Modifier 77 - Repeat Procedure by Another Physician
- Use this modifier if a different physician repeats the procedure on the same day.

10. Modifier 78 - Unplanned Return to the Operating/Procedure Room by the Same Physician Following Initial Procedure for a Related Procedure During the Postoperative Period
- This modifier is used if the patient needs to return to the operating room for a related procedure during the postoperative period.

11. Modifier 79 - Unrelated Procedure or Service by the Same Physician During the Postoperative Period
- Apply this modifier if an unrelated procedure is performed by the same physician during the postoperative period of the initial procedure.

12. Modifier 80 - Assistant Surgeon
- Use this modifier if an assistant surgeon was necessary for the procedure.

13. Modifier 81 - Minimum Assistant Surgeon
- This modifier is used if a minimum assistant surgeon was required for the procedure.

14. Modifier 82 - Assistant Surgeon (when qualified resident surgeon not available)
- Apply this modifier if an assistant surgeon was necessary because a qualified resident surgeon was not available.

15. Modifier AS - Physician Assistant, Nurse Practitioner, or Clinical Nurse Specialist Services for Assistant at Surgery
- Use this modifier when a non-physician practitioner assists in the surgery.

Proper use of these modifiers ensures that claims are processed correctly and that healthcare providers receive appropriate reimbursement for their services. Always refer to the latest coding guidelines and payer-specific requirements for the most accurate information.

CPT Code 23400 Medicare Reimbursement

The CPT code 23400 is reimbursed by Medicare, but it is essential to verify its inclusion in the Medicare Physician Fee Schedule (MPFS) for the specific year in question. The MPFS provides a comprehensive list of services covered by Medicare and their corresponding reimbursement rates. Additionally, reimbursement for CPT code 23400 may vary based on the policies of the Medicare Administrative Contractor (MAC) that services your geographic region. Each MAC has the authority to interpret Medicare guidelines and may have specific local coverage determinations (LCDs) that affect reimbursement. Therefore, it is advisable to consult both the MPFS and your regional MAC to ensure accurate and up-to-date information regarding the reimbursement of CPT code 23400.

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