CPT Code 25805

CPT code 25800 is a medical code used to describe the surgical procedure for the fusion of the wrist joint.

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What is CPT Code 25805

CPT code 25805 is used to describe the surgical procedure for the fusion or grafting of the wrist joint. This code is specifically assigned to the operation where the bones in the wrist are surgically joined together, often using a bone graft, to create a single, solid bone. This procedure is typically performed to alleviate pain, improve stability, or correct deformities in the wrist joint, often due to conditions such as severe arthritis, fractures, or other degenerative diseases.

Does CPT 25805 Need a Modifier?

When billing for CPT code 25805 (Fusion/graft of wrist joint), it is essential to consider the appropriate use of modifiers to ensure accurate reimbursement and compliance with payer requirements. Below is a list of potential modifiers that could be used with CPT code 25805, along with the reasons for their use:

1. Modifier 22 - Increased Procedural Services
- Use this modifier if the procedure required significantly more work than typically required. This could be due to factors such as increased complexity or the patient's condition.

2. Modifier 50 - Bilateral Procedure
- Apply this modifier if the fusion/graft procedure was performed on both wrists during the same surgical session.

3. Modifier 51 - Multiple Procedures
- Use this modifier when multiple procedures are performed during the same surgical session. This indicates that more than one procedure was carried out, and it helps in the appropriate allocation of reimbursement.

4. Modifier 52 - Reduced Services
- This modifier is used when the procedure is partially reduced or eliminated at the physician's discretion. It indicates that the full service described by the CPT code was not performed.

5. Modifier 59 - Distinct Procedural Service
- Apply this modifier to indicate that the procedure was distinct or independent from other services performed on the same day. This is particularly useful when the procedures are not typically reported together but are appropriate under the circumstances.

6. Modifier 62 - Two Surgeons
- Use this modifier when two surgeons work together as primary surgeons performing distinct parts of the procedure. Each surgeon should report their specific part of the procedure.

7. Modifier 66 - Surgical Team
- This modifier is used when a complex procedure requires the services of a surgical team. It indicates that multiple providers were involved in the surgery.

8. Modifier 76 - Repeat Procedure by Same Physician
- Apply this modifier if the same physician needs to repeat the procedure on the same day.

9. Modifier 77 - Repeat Procedure by Another Physician
- Use this modifier if a different physician repeats the procedure on the same day.

10. Modifier 78 - Unplanned Return to the Operating/Procedure Room by the Same Physician Following Initial Procedure for a Related Procedure During the Postoperative Period
- This modifier is used when the patient needs to return to the operating room for a related procedure during the postoperative period.

11. Modifier 79 - Unrelated Procedure or Service by the Same Physician During the Postoperative Period
- Apply this modifier if an unrelated procedure is performed by the same physician during the postoperative period of the initial procedure.

12. Modifier 80 - Assistant Surgeon
- Use this modifier when an assistant surgeon is required to help with the procedure.

13. Modifier 81 - Minimum Assistant Surgeon
- This modifier is used when a minimum assistant surgeon is required for the procedure.

14. Modifier 82 - Assistant Surgeon (when qualified resident surgeon not available)
- Apply this modifier when an assistant surgeon is necessary because a qualified resident surgeon is not available.

15. Modifier AS - Physician Assistant, Nurse Practitioner, or Clinical Nurse Specialist Services for Assistant at Surgery
- Use this modifier when a non-physician provider assists in the surgery.

By appropriately applying these modifiers, healthcare providers can ensure accurate coding, billing, and reimbursement for the fusion/graft of the wrist joint procedure.

CPT Code 25805 Medicare Reimbursement

The CPT code 25805 is reimbursed by Medicare, but it is essential to verify the specific reimbursement details through the Medicare Physician Fee Schedule (MPFS). The MPFS provides a comprehensive list of services covered by Medicare and their respective reimbursement rates. Additionally, it is crucial to consult with your regional Medicare Administrative Contractor (MAC) to confirm any local coverage determinations or specific billing guidelines that may affect reimbursement for CPT code 25805. Each MAC may have unique policies that could influence the reimbursement process, so staying informed through both the MPFS and your MAC is advisable.

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